In the winter, snowstorms frequently occur in the northern regions. In order to prevent improper prevention or unnecessary economic losses during the crucial moment, farmers should prepare for the following aspects.
Listen to the weather forecast
In winter, the climate is fickle, especially in the northern regions. Heavy fog, cold currents, storms, heavy snow, and ice blizzards often meet unexpectedly. However, these weather changes are all within the monitoring scope of meteorological departments. Therefore, attention should be paid to listening to weather forecasts and grasping them in time. The trend of weather changes is always ready to prevent bad weather.
Prepare material in advance
Before the blizzard struck, the breeding households should do more work in the preparation of cold-proof materials, pay attention to inspection of the doors and windows of the houses and the roof, and timely reinforce and raise the sheds, especially in the sheds in the wild, and prepare enough heating materials to prepare for standby. Heating equipment. At the same time, adequate feed for livestock and poultry should be prepared. Forage should be cut short and sifted in advance. The concentrate should be processed in advance and the finished feed should be purchased in advance. In winter, the feed is not easy to go moldy, and the storage time is relatively long. Before bad weather arrives, the amount of feed for 1 to 2 weeks can be stored according to the warehouse conditions. In addition, we must also pay attention to inspecting waterways, circuits, and roads to ensure that the three roads are unblocked and that adequate emergency backup equipment and materials are prepared.
Remedy in time
After the heavy snowfall, the snow on the top of the shed must be cleaned up in time to prevent the collapse of feeding the shed. The snow around the shed will take away a lot of heat and must be completely removed. After a strong wind or snow melts, the temperature will drop rapidly. Keeping cold and keeping warm and preventing cold stress are imperative. According to the actual situation, necessary protective measures can be taken, such as increasing the intensity of heating, strengthening the tightness of the housing, and ensuring the housing There are suitable environmental temperatures for livestock and poultry, and at the same time, the relationship between warmth and ventilation must be properly handled to prevent the accumulation of poisonous and harmful gases. When using the coal stove to warm, not only the use of high-quality coal, but also ensure the smooth flow of smoke. In winter, the temperature of drinking water should be controlled between 20Â°C and 25Â°C. When drinking snow water for livestock and poultry, the snow should be heated and dissolved first, and the floating and sediment should be put down and then heated to a suitable temperature before use. For pigs, chickens and other omnivorous animals can increase the nutritional level of about 5%, for cattle, sheep, rabbits and other herbivores can increase the amount of about 10% of the feed feeding, can also be added in the broiler feed 1% to 2% Grease or 5% brown sugar. When replenishing germinating feeds and juicy feeds, they should be preheated in the pens. Adding appropriate amount of pine needle powder, wormwood powder, chili powder, etc. in animal feed can effectively prevent cold stress and enhance cold resistance. In addition, after the snow is clear and sunny, livestock and poultry should be kept in the house, do not easily put on the playground or on the snow, to prevent the snow from reflecting the eye to cause snow blindness, but also to prevent the intake of snow and livestock to affect the constitution.
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