Using the ecological environment of the forest area, breeding local chicks or laying hens to identify males, stocking them in forests, using mainly free-breeding insects and weeds, supplemented by artificial supplements and mixed concentrates, and the more productive modes of boarding at night More and more people are welcome. Due to the fresh air in the mountainous area, the water is pollution-free, it feeds on a large number of insects and natural wild grass seeds, so that the feed consumption of the chicken is low and the cost is low. The stocking techniques of forest ecological chickens are briefly described as follows:
1. Choose site, complete facilities
The cultivation of forest ecological chickens is generally selected at the border of natural secondary forests and inter-forest grasslands. There are no sources of pollution around the chicken house site, and the sun is sunny, the terrain is high, the water source is sufficient, the water quality is good, the water intake is convenient, and the drainage is easy.
Coop and playground: The brooding should be based on the amount of breeding a good number of insulation brooding house repaired, the area of â€‹â€‹100 per square meter, the structure and materials for the construction of the brooding house should be adapted to local conditions, low-cost investment, practical. As long as the interior is high, it is not humid, it is not cold, it has good insulation, it has sufficient light, ventilation is smooth, it is easy to clean and disinfect, it can prevent rat damage and wildlife damage. Plastic fences are used around the stadium to dig more than 60 cm deep trenches outside the net to drain and reduce the water level in the yard. The site is flat and the natural drainage is convenient. The sand piles are piled on the site to make the sand bath and feed for chickens.
According to the number of chickens, the construction of a shelter is done well. After the chicken is defrosted, it enters the shelter after grazing. As long as the shelter is sheltered from wind, rain and sunlight. The terrain is high, the ground is easy to clean, and it is not damp. In order to save construction costs, more than two layers of chicken bed can be built.
It is necessary to prepare a feeding trough for the drinking fountains and supplementary feeds. Each broiler needs only 2.5 cm of drinking water, and occupies 5 cm of the feeding position. The drinking fountains and the feeding trough must be smooth, light and easy for manual washing and disinfection. .
2. Choose healthy chicken
Local chickens are the best, and hatchers can also be used to identify laying chicks. No matter whether it is the local chicken breeder or the laying chicken, it is necessary to batch-produce hatcheries with good disease prevention and no epidemic situation. Stick to the criteria of healthy chicks, pick out sick and weak chicks, choose clean feathers, have a moderate size on the abdomen, be soft and flexible, have a good umbilical ring contraction, have a great eye, call out loud, lively, and hold. Struggling in your hands.
The selected chicks should be returned to the brooding house in a comfortable, hygienic, safe and timely manner. In the course of transportation, it must be checked frequently and not stimulated by strong cold wind to prevent the occurrence of a cold. It is also necessary to prevent death and suffocation in order to avoid loss.
Brooding can be performed as usual.
3. Before and after grazing training
According to the weather and the temperature, the 15- to 21-day-old chicks will be driven to the sports grounds during the day to feed them. When they are fed, they should use fixed calls to feed the quails and to raise the conditioned reflex of the chicks. Functionality, in order to form chickens into the woodland, the unified activities of the herds and herdsmen. According to the scheduled hatching time, a few local hens hatch the chicks, synchronize the hatching time and the hatching time, and put the purchased chickens and hens together under the condition of closing the lights at night to allow them to take care of them. In order to prevent hens and cubs, hens are treated for cutting off. Prior to training for grazing, attention was paid to the call and feeding of large hens to give them a leading role. At the beginning of grazing, when the flock of chickens return to the playground, they should call and give some grain or water to enhance the chicken group activities and the ability of the chickens to identify their families and form a habit of returning home for a fixed time.
4. Anti-rainstorm and animal damage
There are many natural enemies of rodents and eagles in the forest area. Before the brooding, rats are given rodenticides to eliminate rodents. Drugs and dead rats placed on the ground are thoroughly cleaned to prevent poisoning of chicks. The breeder must take good care of him and discover the activities of eagles and beasts and immediately take measures to drive them. When the weather is not good, before the rainstorm, early call summons and feed are added to prevent rainstorms and damage.
In grazing mountainous areas, chickens are free to move, have a large amount of activity, receive plenty of sunshine, make chickens grow faster, have fewer diseases, have strong muscles, are delicious and tender, have high nutritional value, and are favored by consumers in the market. To higher economic efficiency, the net income of each chicken is about 15 yuan.
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